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The Difference Between Porcelain and Ceramic Tiles

The Difference Between Porcelain and Ceramic Tiles

Many people confuse and consider porcelain and ceramic tiles as one and use the terms interchangeably due to their undeniable resemblance. Moreover, both tiles are crafted using a similar procedure, which makes them alike, but a few similarities don't mean they are the same. Certain factors make ceramic and porcelain tiles different from each other. To help you better understand their differences, here's a ceramic vs porcelain tile comparison. So, let's delve into it!

Ceramic vs Porcelain Tile: Major Differences

Here are the significant differences between ceramic and porcelain tiles that you should know before purchasing any for your home:

  1. Manufacturing

In ceramic vs porcelain tile, the former is made by burning natural red, white, or brown clay at high temperatures. Once the water is reduced from the clay, the glaze is applied, followed by the pattern, and your ceramic tiles are ready. 

On the other hand, porcelain tile is made using a specific type of clay, along with feldspar and finely ground sand in the mixture. Compared to ceramic tiles, porcelain tiles are made at very high temperatures, which makes them more solid and durable. 

  1. Absorption Rate 

Porcelain tiles absorb less than 0.5 percent water compared to ceramic tiles, which absorb around 3 to 7 percent water content. So, in ceramic vs porcelain tiles, the former is more prone to warping and cracking.

  1. Density

Typically, porcelain tiles are less porous than ceramic tiles and absorb less water, which makes them denser and more durable. Their installation is perfect in places that receive heavy foot traffic. However, this doesn't mean that ceramic tiles are any less valuable. The ceramic tiles may not be as hard-wearing as porcelain, but they are less brittle and suitable for DIY workers. 

  1. PEI Ratings 

PEI ratings, also known as the Porcelain Enamel Institute Rating, help determine the type of tile that will suit your home. These ratings range from 0 to 5, and below is the description for each number:

  • PEI 0 - no foot load or walk tiles, including wall tiles.
  • PEI 1 - tiles with little to no foot traffic, such as bathroom tiles.
  • PEI 2 - small foot load tiles like the bedroom and bathroom ones.
  • PEI 3 - light to medium foot traffic. Examples include tiles for domestic purposes.
  • PEI 4 - moderate to extensive or heavy foot load means these are for domestic and commercial use.
  • PEI 5 - very heavy foot traffic, which makes it perfect for all commercial and domestic uses.

In a ceramic vs porcelain tile, the former has a PEI rating of 3 or 4, while the latter has ratings of 3 to 5. 

  1. Price 

 If you've got a limited budget and want something durable, ceramic tiles are the best solution. Not only are these inexpensive, but you also don't have to compromise on style. However, if the selected installation area is going to be under immense foot traffic, you should definitely go with porcelain tiles. They are expensive but keep you safe from any damage or unexpected situations.


Now that you know the differences between ceramic vs porcelain tile, you must be looking for an excellent place to get the ones you like. If so, then there's no one better than the Greenwood Plaza. We have a huge collection of ceramic and porcelain tiles, and you can select the one that best suits your interests and building decor. Moreover, our team has years of experience and guides you toward the best product. So, if you want ceramic or porcelain tiles or tile tools, don't wait and contact us now

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